India is the world’s crucible of hand block-printing. Block-printing is one of the world’s oldest techniques for embellishing the surface of textiles with pattern, colour and motif. India’s incredibly rich and varied crafts and cultural heritage, across regions of great diversity in geography, religion, rituals and traditions, gave rise to many different block-printing techniques and traditions: from Ajrakh in Gujarat, to Dabu, Sanganeri and Bagru in Rajasthan, Bagh in Madhya Pradesh or Kalamkari in Andhra Pradesh.
The block-printing and dyeing techniques, the colours used, the inspiration behind design motifs, the size or rhythm of patterns; all have their own unique expression from one region to another. The quality and Ph levels of water resources, the pigments available from locally available natural dye ingredients, the density of wood used in the hand carved blocks – all these differ from one location to the next and give their distinct identity to each of the different styles of block-printing practiced across the country.